The rail sector is a heavily regulated area affected by changing environments, developing technology and a need to integrate these safely and optimum cost. The consequences of failure to manage the complex nature of this environment can be significant. 

Human factors plays an important role in the rail industry and some of the key areas necessitating human factors input are as follows:

  • Automatic Train Protection (ATP)
  • rollingstock design
  • station and control room design
  • static and dynamic signalling design
  • train cab design
  • train safety system design
  • driver interface design
  • customer ticketing interface design
  • driver performance and related issues such as fatigue, error and vigilance
  • track work and worksite protection
  • train controller and signaller workload issues
  • public safety at level crossings and platforms
  • design of maintenance facilities
  • training
  • safety management systems
  • fatigue risk management systems

Ergonomie has a comprehensive understanding of rail environments and has experience working within TfNSW, Sydney Trains, NSW Trains, Queensland Rail, TasRail and the Australian Rail Track Corporation (ARTC). We are fully conversant with all human factors standards that relate to the railway industry, and are skilled at using appropriate human factors techniques and methodologies associated with risk management. 

Marine accident and incident data show that the human element and interactions, when considering systems and individual failures, provides the largest source of marine risk to people, property, assets and operations.

Effective management of marine risk requires integration of human factors into all aspects of marine operations, including competency management, design and procurement, organisational policies and procedures, incident investigations, and fatigue risk management systems.


The road transport industry is a diverse sector where the human and financial costs of vehicle accidents, and safety related incidents, are increasing.

Societal trends that present fundamental challenges to road safety and performance include:

  • increasing car ownership
  • population growth
  • increasing road freight
  • traffic congestion
  • increased complexity of the human-vehicle interface
  • ageing of populations

Ergonomie is experienced in integrating human factors methodology into the road transport field. In line with relevant international standards, we understand the complex nature of state based and national regulatory requirements. From motorcycles and cars to buses and heavy vehicle goods, we can review equipment, design, processes and management systems to improve safety, performance and usability for drivers, passengers and the general population.

The airline industry is a strictly regulated field with human factors principles being thoroughly integrated into international safety standards and Australian aviation regulations. 

In this safety critical and highly competitive industry, system failure and failure to provide error tolerant controls may have disastrous consequences. It is vital that human factors principles are applied to all levels, including:

  • design of airborne human – machine interfaces
  • air traffic management
  • cockpit and cabin design and staffing
  • aircraft maintenance
  • ground level workspace design
  • customer interfaces
  • people flow
  • safety management systems
  • airport design
  • baggage handling (including strategies to address aircraft ground damage)
  • cargo and freight services
  • training and simulation
  • fatigue risk management systems


Evaluation, control and management of key human factor components including the following:

  • human error
  • workload
  • fatigue
  • safety culture
  • human performance
  • bodysize and anthropometry
  • training
  • incident investigation
  • job and task design
  • risk management
  • procurement of systems, equipment, machinery and their subsequent usability